7个方法教你7天学好一门外語 你不来试试?

作者:admin

來源:

2016-11-30 15:00

七天學會一門外語,真的可能嗎?這對雙胞胎兄弟的學習方法告訴你,一切皆有可能。今天,我们就来看一看他们是如何做到这件事情的,虽然很多人做不到七天學會一門外語,但却可以借鉴他们的方法提高語言學習能力。


1. Get To Know Why
了解原因


Lesson learned: Clearly define your goal at the very beginning and then plot a route towards this goal’s achievement.
在最開始明確你的目標,然後規劃達成目標的路線。

The twins set themselves the challenge of learning a language in a week in order to stretch themselves, and then it was a question of choosing which language to learn.
這對雙胞胎最初爲自己定下在一周內學習一門語言的挑戰是爲了超越自己,接下來就是選擇哪一種語言學習。

7天学会一门外語

2. Get Sticky
堅持下去


Lesson learned: Map and label your immediate environment in the new language from the very first moment. You’ll build and reinforce associations passively while going about your daily life.
從最開始就了解和標注你在新語言中所處的環境,在應對日常生活時要被動建立並強化聯系。

The first operational step in the twins’ learning process was to decorate the entire apartment with sticky notes. This had an almost ceremonial touch to it as the twins delved into dictionaries and proceeded to label everything with its corresponding Turkish name.
這對雙胞胎學習過程中第一個可行的步驟是用便利貼裝飾了整棟公寓。雙胞胎深入研究了詞典,並把所有東西貼上了對應的土耳其語標簽,這是一次儀式性的接觸。

3. Get A Partner
找個同伴


Lesson learned: There are few better motivations than a peer with the same goal. Whether you’re motivated by competition or a sense of mutual responsibility, the mere presence of a learning partner is likely to exert just the right amount of pressure to keep you on track.
沒有比有相同目標的同伴更好的驅動力了。不管你是被競賽激勵還是出于相互間的責任感,有學習同伴在場,能給你施加適當的壓力,讓你堅持在正軌上前進。

The importance of the other twin’s presence became immediately apparent as Matthew and Michael delegated responsibilities for rooms to decorate with sticky notes. This simple task was augmented by continuous little tests that they would spring on one another, and the fact that they split up their day slightly differently and studied different topics meant that each twin became a source of knowledge for the other; the question how do you say that again? was met surprisingly often with an answer. The most extraordinary moment came towards the end of the week when the twins simply switched their everyday conversations to Turkish, asking one another if they wanted tea or coffee, were ready to cook dinner or when they were going to leave the house the next day.
在馬修和邁克爾分配房間裝飾便利貼時,雙胞胎兄弟在場的重要性立馬變得重要起來。他們不時地向對方提出小測試,他們每天的計劃都有些許變動,學習不同的話題,這意味著他們對彼此而言也是知識來源。一個問“這個怎麽說“,另一個總是讓人驚歎地隨後給出答案。最讓人興奮的是一周結束的時候,雙胞胎能自然地切換,用土耳其語進行日常交談,問對方要茶還是咖啡,是否准備做晚餐,第二天什麽時候出門。

4. Prepare Mini-Motivations
准備些小的激勵措施


Lesson learned: You need landmarks on your route towards your goal. These landmarks can consist of small challenges, which force you to prepare areas of vocabulary to overcome them. The gratification that will come with their completion will serve to spur you on to ever greater heights.
在你達成目標的路上你需要一些裏程碑式的事件,這些重要的事件可以包含小的挑戰,可以促使你積攢詞彙努力克服。當完成的時候,成就感和滿足感也會隨之而來,能激勵你達到更高的水平。

Matthew and Michael had numerous micro-challenges throughout the week. On the first day they were visited by a Turkish friend who greeted them in Turkish and complimented them on how quickly they’d picked up their first words and phrases. They then learned the names of fruits and the numbers from one to a billion so that they could visit the Turkish market in Kreuzberg (although they refrained from purchasing nine hundred thousand kumquats). Displaying their haul after their first functional exchange in Turkish, they beamed with pride and a palpable sense of accomplishment before marching back home to study further.
馬修和邁克爾這一周內有無數的微型挑戰。第一天,有一個土耳其的朋友來拜訪他們,並且用土耳其語問候和稱贊他們快速掌握了第一批單詞和短語。接著他們學習了水果的名稱和一到十億的數字,所以他們能夠去參觀克羅伊茨貝格區的土耳其市場(盡管他們克制不去購買90萬個金桔)。在第一次成功購買並展現了自己的學習成果後,他們笑得很自豪,帶著明顯的成就感。之後他們返回家裏繼續學習。

5. Eat The Language
吃下這門語言

Lesson learned: Find a way to tie everything you do to learning. Surround yourself with the food, the music and the films, so that even in your downtime you can prime your mind towards the language and perhaps trigger further areas of interest and motivation.
尋找一種方式,把你做的所有事和學習綁定。用食物、音樂和電影包圍你自己,這樣即使在休息時間你也可以使思維保持在語言學習狀態,或許還能激發你進一步的興趣和學習動力。

They sample dozens of different kinds of Turkish snacks. Like kids staring at the backs of cereal packs before heading to school, the nutritional information and various special offers and competitions on the packaging were analysed during snack breaks. There was no moment of complete removal from the language learning process during the eight hours that the twins had allotted to it. The intensity ebbed and flowed, but it never dissipated entirely.
他們選取了很多種不同的土耳其零食,就像孩子們去學校前會盯著谷物包裝袋的背面看一樣,他們在茶歇時會分析包裝上的營養信息和各種不同的價格優惠和價格競爭。在雙胞胎分配給語言學習的八小時內,沒有一個完全從學習過程中脫離出來的狀態。強度可能減弱和産生波動,但是從沒有完全消失過。

6. Use What You Already Know
使用你已知的知識


Lesson learned: The greater the depth of processing, the more likely the information will be remembered. Find pleasure in drawing parallels and making comparisons between the language(s) you already know and your new language.
學習深度越大,記住信息的可能性越大,在已知的語言和新學習的語言中找出相似之處並進行比較,從中獲得樂趣。

7. Variation is the spice of life
變化是生活的調味品


Lesson learned: So you have your route plotted and an idea of your favored methods, but do remember to try new things; your new language has just as many sources as your native language.
你已經繪制出自己的路線,並且對你喜歡的方式有想法,但是一定要記住嘗試新的內容。你學習的新語言和你的母語一樣有許多的來源。

The twins spent a lot of time engrossed in books or on their computers and apps, flicking and swiping their way through exercises eagerly, but at other times they were to be found searching busily for Turkish radio stations and write-ups of Turkish football games on the web. There is no definitive method to learn a language, nor any tool or teacher that will single-handedly deliver you to the holy grail of fluency. Language is written, spoken, read and heard. Each of these areas is considered a core skill within which there are myriad potential inputs; would you restrict yourself to one in your native language? All too often, people enter their weekly language class to converse with their teacher, but then barely have any contact with other native speakers or the media being broadcast in their target language. Try something new every day. Listen to a cheesy song, read a newspaper article from a newspaper whose politics differ from your own, write a story for kids, attempt some improvised theatre and talk to yourself while cooking. Spice it up and add some flavour to your language learning!
這對雙胞胎花許多時間專注于書本、電腦和應用程序上,迫切地想通過練習來轉換方式。但是往常他們總是忙于在網絡上搜尋土耳其之聲和土耳其球賽的評述。學語言沒有最佳方法,沒有什麽工具或老師能獨立地使你可以熟練自如地使用語言。語言要被書寫,被講述,被閱讀和被聆聽。每個領域都有一個核心能力,而這個核心能力又有無數潛在的輸入途徑。你在母語中會將自己限制在一種方式裏嗎?人們常常在每周上語言課時和他們的老師進行交談,但之後卻很少和其他母語使用者或者用目標語播報的媒體新聞有交流。每天嘗試一些新的事物。聽一首俗氣的歌,讀一篇政治和本國不同的報紙文章,在做飯的時候嘗試一些即將表演的戲劇和談話。調劑你的語言學習,讓它變得更有趣!